05242022Tue
Last updateWed, 09 Mar 2022 4am

Metastasis of Breast Cancer to the Sphenoid Sinus Presenting as Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome

Chun-Chia Cheng a, Yung-An Tsou a, Meng-Hung Lin b, Guan-Chin Tseng c, Chih-Jaan Tai a, Ming-Hsui Tsai a

aDepartment of Otolaryngology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
bInstitute of Environmental Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
cDepartment of Pathology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

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Abstract

Breast cancer with sphenoid sinus metastasis has rarely been reported. A 57-year-old woman presented with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome 1 year after undergoing surgery and chemoradiation therapy for ductal breast cancer. The diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome was based on a computed tomography scan and granulomatous pathologic findings from the ethmoid sinuses. Magnetic resonance images revealed an enhanced soft tissue mass mainly in the right sphenoid sinus; the second sinoscopic biopsy revealed metastatic invasive ductal breast carcinoma with intact surface epithelium. The patient died 20 days after the second biopsy. In this report, we discuss the possible metastatic pathway and choice of imaging modalities for the diagnosis of this rare metastatic sphenoid sinus cancer.


Keywords

Breast cancer; Sphenoid metastasis; Tolosa-Hunt syndrome


 

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